Captives Weather the Financial Storm
Tuesday, Aug 18,2009, 4:17:07 PM Click:
"Captives have weathered the storm," said John Lochner, principal of Towers Perrin, during a seminar at the conference.
Steven M. Chirico, assistant vice president at A.M. Best Co., said captives were more profitable than traditional commercial insurers, according to a recent Best's Special Report that examined the performance of 186 captives.
"Using combined ratio as a measure, the captive community significantly beat the commercial insurance market from a profitability perspective. The combined ratio for captives was approximately 5 points below the ratio for the commercial insurance market," Chirico said during a break at the conference.
Vermont regulators said they hadn't seen a single captive impaired due to the recession.
"Our risk retention group's surplus actually went up year over year," said David F. Provost, deputy commissioner of captive insurance, in an interview at the conference. "Most of our captives are very conservatively run and very conservatively invested. So they really were not particularly impacted too hard by the recession."
Captives have been fairly insulated from the financial turmoil because of their conservative nature, said Greg Lang, head of business development for Munich Reinsurance America Inc. "A captive allows you to control your own destiny," Lang said. "They are smarter consumers, more incentivized to provide prudent risk management solutions."
While captives performed well overall, counterparty security was on the minds of many: captives, fronting companies, reinsurers and brokers and consultants.
"The biggest challenge is the security issue," said Steven R. Bauman, senior vice president and head of captive services for Zurich. Bauman said: "Not only the security of us as a company as we front -- people want to make sure they are working with a financially secure company -- but security is a requirement on them as a captive."
In fact, "Collateral is the first thing we talk about today," said James Riley, business manager of Zurich's captive solutions.
Captives are often required to post cash, a letter of credit or a trust as collateral for a fronting company, Riley explained.
Letters of credit used to be the most common vehicle, but as banks have gotten tighter with their loans, captives have been turning more often to trusts. Trusts work a lot like a savings account, only the money is earmarked to pay whatever obligation is expected from the fronting company.
"Trusts have become more popular in the last two years, we see more trust accounts than we ever have before. It's good, we are flexible and can work either way," Bauman said during an interview at the conference.
Stephen Cross, chief executive officer of Aon Global Risk Consulting, said the company is fielding many calls from captives concerned with their collateral obligations. "An awful lot of front companies make collateral demands, and collateral just gets put up. Our approach is different," Cross said. He said Aon's actuarial team will ask the fronting company how they arrived at that required dollar amount, and perhaps suggest a different, often lower, number.
"We always end up somewhere in the middle, hopefully somewhere were we need to be," Cross said.
Cross said another issue captives are facing is whether their assets been impaired.
"The same question applies when you loan back money to the parent. If you had a major loss, how easy would it be to call the loan? Have those assets been impaired? Are they liquid, or as liquid as you thought?" Cross said. "The answer to the question we would say is it is probably not as liquid as you think."
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